GEJWM1   1500  -  0 
GEJWM2   1340  -  0 
GEJWM3   1480  -  0 
GEJWM4   1380  -  0 
GEJYM2   1340  -  0 
GEJYM3   1400  -  0 
GKUWM1   1480  -  0 
GKUWM2   1440  -  0 
GKUWM3   1250  -  0 
GKUWM4   1210  -  0 
GKUYM1   1480  -  0 
GKUYM4   1350  -  0 
GSAWM1   1340  -  0 
GSAWM2   1340  -  0 
GSAWSS4   5400  -  0 
GSAYM1   1340  -  0 
GTAWM2   1340  -  0 
GTAWM3   1384  -  0 
GTAWSO4   1500  -  0 
GTAYM1   1480  -  0 
GTAYM2   1350  -  0 
GTUYM1   1400  -  0 
GWAWM1   1340  -  0 
GWAWM2   1340  -  0 
GWAWM3   1400  -  0 
GWAYM1   1479  -  0 
GWAYM2   1340  -  0 
GWAYSB1   2400  -  0 
GWEWM1   1450  -  0 
GWEWM2   1437  -  0 
GWEYM1   1400  -  0 
GWEYM2   1350  -  0 
GTAYSB1   1800  -  0 
GTAYSB2   2275  -  0 
    

Commodities | Ghana Commodity Exchange

Maize image


MAIZE

Maize, also known as corn, has become a staple food in all parts of the world with total production surpassing that of rice or wheat. It is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The maize crop serves a number of purposes, from being used as animal feed or for products such as corn starch and corn syrup. Indeed, these other purposes drive most of the world’s maize trade, with human consumption accounting for a small part of total maize production. Maize can also grow in a wide variety of climate conditions, proving its versatility in more ways than one.

While the six major types of maize are dent corn; flint corn; pod corn; popcorn; flour corn; and sweet corn, there are other subspecies of maize; the most prevalent being white and yellow maize.

Maize is the number one crop in terms of area planted and accounts for 50-60% of total cereal production, while also being the second largest commodity crop in the country after cocoa. Maize is one of the most important crops for Ghana’s agricultural sector and for food security. Despite this, the average maize yield in Ghana remains one of the lowest in the world, and much lower than the average for sub Saharan Africa. Indeed the maize average yield registered by the Ministry of Agriculture in 2013 was 1.7 metric tonne per hectare against an estimated achievable yield of around 6 metric tonnes per hectare.

Maize has historically been a volatile crop with steady variations in prices from season to season. These variations may be attributed to a number of factors including weather patterns, the rate of domestic supply and trends in the global maize demand and supply situations. Further, these variations are also reflected between different varieties and grades of maize.


Maize Contract